The Basics of Law


Law is a system of rules enacted and enforced by governmental and social institutions. It has been characterized variously as a science and an art of justice. Laws are enacted by a group or a single legislator, by an executive through decrees, or by judges in common law jurisdictions. Laws can also be created and enforced by private individuals through arbitration agreements and legally binding contracts.

Legal theory

Legal theory is a way of thinking that helps lawyers make sense of the world and how law works. It begins with observation of the law in action. It then builds from that observation, testing it against actual facts. Lawyers can use legal theory in the courts and outside of them to help them understand what’s happening in the world.

Legal theory combines a set of philosophical tools with social facts to analyze the functioning of law. It is often referred to as jurisprudence, but is more properly called “legal theory” now. Although the term is a misnomer, legal theory aims to understand law in a way that empiricists and other scholars can’t. Empirical research, in contrast, aims to collect and analyze facts about law. It may even serve as a primary source of data for legal theories.

Legal procedures

Legal procedures are important aspects of the law and govern the way that courts deal with different types of disputes. These procedures serve to ensure that citizens have a fair and timely process and that their rights and obligations are upheld. They also establish when and where a legal action should be initiated. They also provide guidelines for how to carry out these actions and what evidence should be presented.

Different systems of procedural law have different underlying principles. Some emphasise the role of a professional judiciary, while others place more emphasis on the role of parties and the state. Procedural rules also influence how cases are decided, and how long they take.

Rule by general norms

Rule by general norms is the process of making laws and judicial decisions based on open, general rules. A general norm is a standard derived from statistical data, or an average social group’s opinion or behaviour. The rules are intended to make laws more just and equitable. They should be applied equally to people of all social groups, regardless of their individual traits and circumstances.

Impact of law on society

Law has a significant impact on society, as it serves as a guide for society and helps in preventing social conflicts. Furthermore, the law also ensures the smooth adaptation of society to changes. Among other things, law has been responsible for the abolition of child marriage, polygamy, and untouchability.

Law is a complex system that entails many different rules, institutions, and social norms. Without formal regulation, human activity is often open to open abuse. Without law, there would be no binding rules to live by, and social norms would be based on vague social values or family. Without law, society would not have developed institutions like taxes, infrastructure, and medicine.