A news story is a report on a recent event. This type of story can be entertaining, informative, or controversial. Some stories may contain violence, scandal, or human interest.
News is a broad term that encompasses a variety of different types of media. It can be broadcast over radio, television, and the Internet. It is also published on paper. In the early 1600s, the first newspapers were produced in Germany. Later, the spread of paper and printing presses enabled new forms of journalism. Newspapers, for example, were hand-set in type and mailed by mail, or phoning into the newsroom. Eventually, television and the Internet were used to transmit news. However, the printed press remained important, even in the digital age.
News values are models that explain the way in which news is selected and transmitted. These can account for much of how a story is treated by its audience. But there is still a lot that a news value cannot explain. Many factors, including the audience, the media, and the technology, influence the selection of news.
Several theories of news values have been developed in the literature. These include the Mirror Model, the Political Model, and the Organizational Model. Each aims to describe the relationship between news and reality. For instance, the Mirror Model states that news should reflect reality. On the other hand, the Political Model describes news as a representation of various political pressures.
The Political Model also outlines the role of ideology. Since news is meant to represent all sides of an issue, some journalists will choose to report the same news from a different viewpoint. There are several governments that impose constraints on bias.
In the digital era, audiences have more power than ever before in choosing what they will see on their news screens. In the United Kingdom, the government agency Ofcom has enacted a requirement that all broadcasters maintain objectivity. Moreover, many news organizations are now performing news gathering on social media platforms.
Researchers have tried to develop a model of news making that accounts for the impact of these changes. Although these models have been successful, they do not address all of the variables involved. They do not account for the content of the print media or the online media, and they do not explain all of the news values.
One approach to the study of news values involves analyzing the type of articles that readers enjoy reading most. Studies have found that readers tend to prefer articles that are positive in nature. This type of story often contains positive overtones and is usually about a famous person or an interesting phenomenon.
Another approach to the study of news values is to examine the differences between “soft” and “hard” news. Soft news is a form of news that may have a longer time span than a hard news story. Most soft news stories focus on trends and topics that are ongoing. Unlike hard news stories, however, soft news tends to be more contestable.