What Is Law?


Law is a set of rules that govern behavior and is enforced by social and governmental institutions. The precise definition of law is disputed, but it is typically thought of as an art of justice and a science. However, in its most basic form, law is a set of standards and norms that govern human conduct.


The social construction of legitimacy is central to Weber’s sociology of law. Weber’s taxonomy of legal legitimacy challenges the input-output model of authority, and argues that the source of legitimacy is the concept of social collectivity. As such, legitimacy draws its force from the social group’s cohesiveness, which forms the background for a Kantian analysis of law.

Legality as a set of concerns

Legality is a set of rules that govern the conduct of people, social institutions, and governmental bodies. It has been described variously as a science or as the art of justice. Laws are generally enacted by legislative bodies or, in common law jurisdictions, by the executive through decrees. Private individuals can also enter into legal contracts and arbitrate disputes.

Legality as a set of values

Legality is a set of values that organize society under authority. Its written norms create legal obligations and limits on the freedom of individual agents. These values provide a framework for political decision-making and ensure a high level of stability and predictability.

Legality as a framework

Legality as a framework is essential to the development of a society. It is a condition of development and a prerequisite for prosperity. Yet it has many flaws. The first problem is the lack of clarity. Currently, many laws are confusing and deficient. Others contain provisions that do not uphold human rights. In addition, laws may be outdated and fail to address some of the most common challenges to S&R.

Legality as a feature of legislation

Legality as a feature of legislation has a wide range of uses. It is often used to describe local ordinances, national laws, and rules passed by administrative agencies. In addition, legality is often used to refer to a legal system’s effectiveness and its distribution among different actors.

Legality as a feature of religious law

Religious law differs from secular law in that it is made by a deity through its prophets. In contrast, secular law is made by human beings. In religious legal systems, a religious officer adjudicates disputes; in some cases, the same person serves as both the judge and the priest. In contrast, in secular systems, a separate office for the judge is established, and the judicial system is characterized by judicial independence.